Psychology, Interamerican
Modelos psicoterapéuticos para la depresión: hacia un enfoque integrado
PDF (Español (España))



How to Cite

Carrasco, A. E. (2017). Modelos psicoterapéuticos para la depresión: hacia un enfoque integrado. Revista Interamericana De Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 51(2).


Se presentan elementos teóricos y psicoterapéuticos de los modelos cognitivo-conductual, interpersonal y psicoanalítico para el tratamiento de la depresión. Aunque hay diferencias en las acciones y énfasis entre los distintos modelos psicoterapéuticos, se encuentran también comprensiones e intervenciones comunes. Se esboza un modelo psicológico integrativo para comprender la depresión y se propone un enfoque clínico que reconozca síntomas y factores etiológicos  para seleccionar intervenciones psicoterapéuticas disponibles desde las distintas escuelas psicológicas.
PDF (Español (España))


Alford, B. & Beck, A. (1997). The integrative power of cognitive therapy. New York: Guilford Press.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Berne, E. (1972). What do you say after you say hello? The psychology of human destiny. NewYork: Grove Press.

Bockting, C., Schene A., Spinhoven, P., Koeter, M., Wouters, L., Huyser, J. & Kamphuis, J. (2005) Preventing relapse/recurrence in recurrent depression with cognitive therapy: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 73, 647-57.

Brewin, Chris R. (1996). Theoretical Foundations of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Anxiety and Depression. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, 33-57. doi:

Castonguay L.G., Arnow B.A., Blatt S.J., Jones E.E., Pilkonis P.A., Segal Z.V.. (1999). Psychotherapy for depression: current and future directions in research, theory, practice and public policy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(11), 1347-70.<1347::AID-JCLP3>3.0.CO;2-L

Davidson, K., Rieckmann, N., & Lespérance, F. (2004). Psychological Theories of Depression: Potential Application for the Prevention of Acute Coronary Syndrome Recurrence. Psychosomatic Medicine(66), 165-173.

Fonagy, P. (1999) Persistencias transgeneracionales del apego: una nueva teoría. Aperturas Psicoanalíticas, 3. Obtenido el 17 de Enero del 2015 en:

Freud, S. (1917) Duelo y melancolía. En Obras Completas, Tomo XIV. Buenos Aires: Amorrortu Editores.

Garber, J. (2006). Depression in Children and Adolescents. Linking Risk Research and Prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicina(31), 104-116.

Hollon, S., Thase, M., & Markowitz, J. (2002). Treatment and Prevention of Depression. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 39-77. Obternido el 6 de febreo del 2015 en:

Jarrett, R., Kraft, D., Doyle, J., Foster, B., Eaves, G. & Silver, P. (2001). Preventing Recurrent Depression Using Cognitive Therapy With and Without a Continuation Phase: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Archives of General Psychiatry. 58(4):381-388.

Judd L., Akiskal H., Zeller P., Paulus M., Leon A., Maser J., Endicott J., Coryell W., Kunovac J., Mueller T., Rice J., Keller M. (2000). Psychosocial disability during the long-term course of unipolar major depressive disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry; 57: 375-80.

Karasu, T Byram. (1990). Toward a clinical model of psychotherapy for depression, II: An integrative and selective treatment approach. The American Journal of Psychiatry; 147, 3, 269-78.

Lemma, A., Target, M., & Fonagy, P. (2010). The development of a brief psychodynamic protocol for depression: Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT). Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 24(4), 329-346.

Lemma, A., Roth, A., & Pilling, S. (2008). The competences required to deliver effective psychoanalytic/psychodynamic therapy.Obtenido en enero del 2015 en:

Luyten, P., Blatt, S., Van Houdenhove, B., & Corveleyn, J. (2006). Depression research and treatment: Are we skating to where the puck is going to be? Clinical Psychology Review (26), 985-999. http://

Ministerio de Salud de Chile. (2011). Encuesta Nacional de la Salud ENS Chile 2009-2010. Obtenido en Mayo del 2014 en:

Moras, K. (2006). Twenty-five years of psychological treatment research on unipolar depression in adult outpatients: Introduction to the special section. Psychotherapy Research , 16 (5), 519-525.

Organización Mundial de la Salud OMS, (2002). The World Health Report, 2002. Switzerland, World Health Organization. Obtenido el 6 de febreo del 2015 en:

Overholser, J. (2003). Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Depression: A Three-Stage Model to Guide Treatment Planning. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice(10), 231-239.

Roth, A., & Fonagy, P. (2005). Depression. En A. Roth, & P. Fonagy, What works for whom? (págs. 66-149). New York: The Guilford Press.

Shedler, J. (2010). The Efficacy of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 65(2), 98-109.

Taylor, D. (2008). Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapies for depression: the evidence base. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 14, 401-413.

Vitiello, B. (2009). Treatment of adolescent depression: What we have come to know. Depression and Anxiety , 393-395.

Young, J. (1994). Cognitive Therapy for Personality Disorders: A Schema-Focused Approach. Practitioner's resource series. Sarasota, FL, US: Professional Resource Press/Professional Resource Exchange..

Zvelc, G. (2009). Between Self and Others: Relational Schemas as an Integrating Construct in Psychotherapy. Transactional Analysis Journal; 39, 1; 22-38.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).